Actual size of a 6x6 post. in the following sizes: 3½" x 5¼" 5¼" x 5¼"...

Okay today’s question is what size sonotube to use given a

Our 6x6 fence post caps in the nominal size will fit standard posts whose dimensions range from 5.5” x 5.5” up to 5.75” x 5.75”, Our true or actual post caps will fit posts that are between 6.0” x 6.0” and 6.25” x 6.25”. We’re proud that all of our ASA resin products are made in the USA. Our cedar color 6x6 post caps are made ...Douglas fir is recognized for its superior strength-to-weight ratio and has the highest ratings of any western softwood for extreme fiber stress in bending. It has the ability to season well in place because of its natural dimensional stability. Douglas fir works well with hand or power tools and can be painted or stained as needed. It has excellent ability to hold nails, screws, and ... GreenLighting 6x6 Aluminum Pyramid Post Cap Cover (Black 4 Pack) Fits 6x6 Nominal Wood (True 5.5 x 5.5) Powder Coated Matte Outdoor Post Caps Cover, Fence Wood Post, Decking, Waterproof. 825. $3799. Typical: $39.99. FREE delivery Mon, Oct 9. Or fastest delivery Wed, Oct 4.Oct 1, 2023 · AC2® 6 x 6 x 10' #1 Critical Structural Green Pressure Treated Timber. (Actual Size 5-1/2" x 5-1/2" x 10') Model Number: 1113003 Menards ® SKU: 1113003. Final Price: $65.41. You Save $8.08 with Mail-In Rebate. ADD TO CART. For example, a 1×12 that is 1 foot long would be calculated as: Board Feet = ( (1x12x1)/12) = 1 board foot. This may seem confusing, as the actual dimensions of a 1×12 are 3/4 x 11 1/4. This would give an “actual” board footage of: Board Feet = ( (3/4×11.25×1)/12) = 0.703 board feet. The bottom line is lumber mills and yards use nominal ...The screen size of 55-inch television with a widescreen, 16:9 aspect ratio is 47.94 inches wide by 26.96 inches tall. The actual dimensions of a television depend on the housing containing the screen and electronics.This post will demystify embroidery hoop sizes. ... However, when you carefully measure its actual dimensions, the grid is only 3.93″x3.93.” This is the maximum embroidery area, which explains why my 4″x4″ hoop can only stitch a design that is 3.93″x3.93″ or smaller!Fits the typical 6 in. x 6 in. post with the actual dimensions of 5-½ in. x 5-½ in. ... This SKU is for the standard solid 6x6 post(5-1/2" x 5-1/2") and will not fit 3 ply 2"x6" laminated posts; For 3 ply 2"x6" Post Protectors contact Post Protector customer service; Return Policy; Additional Resources From the Manufacturer.Okay today’s question is what size sonotube to use given a post size. 1. 6 x 6 post should I go 10 inch or 12 inch?; this is for deck beam. Deck finished floor is 48 inch above grade so footing with go below frost line or 48". 2. 4 x 4 post should I go 8 inch or 10 inch?; this is to support a pergola on top of deck.Units: North America lumber sizes are usually given in "nominal" measurements, which is the size of lumber cut from moist logs. However, the actual size of lumber is less than its nominal size (due to shrinkage and surface planning at mills).Model # 10010017 Store SKU # 1000790632. MicroPro Sienna Treated Wood is pressure treated for long-term performance outdoors for decks, fences and landscaping. It uses advanced wood preservative technology that is low VOC, low eco-toxicity and certified as an Environmentally Preferable Product. Innovative colour pigment technology gives the ...6-in x 6-in x 8-ft Stained Ground Contact Wood Pressure Treated Lumber. Item # 86552. Model # 054699255210. 101. OZ-Post T6-850 Wood Post Anchors are designed for treated 6 x 6 Posts, which are actually 5-1/2" x 5-1/2". These large anchors work great for fences, pergolas, arbors, and other outdoor projects that use 6 x 6 posts. If your project requires load bearing capacity or will be particularly top heavy, we recommend using the T6-700 which is designed ...Every purchase of one of our black 6x6 post caps comes with a one year guarantee against fading. Our 6x6 black aluminum fence post caps come in two sizes: Nominal (or Standard), and Actual (or True.) The nominal size fits standard posts measuring 5.5” x 5.5”, and the actual size fits posts whose true measurements are 6” x 6”.The most common feature for 6x6 Simpson Strong-Tie Post Bases is decorative. What's the best-rated product in 6x6 Simpson Strong-Tie Post Bases? The best-rated product in 6x6 Simpson Strong-Tie Post Bases is the ABW ZMAX Galvanized Adjustable Standoff Post Base for 6x6 Nominal Lumber .6-in x 6-in x 8-ft Stained Ground Contact Wood Pressure Treated Lumber. Item # 86552. Model # 054699255210. 101. Of course, the specific mortise-and-tenon size will vary by application, Michael. But as a general guideline, make the tenon about 1 ⁄ 3 the total thickness of the tenoned workpiece, and about 1 ⁄ 2 – 2 ⁄ 3 as long as the width of the mortised workpiece. Though it's not structurally necessary, cutting a shoulder adjacent to the rail's edge as …ARE MY POSTS NOMINAL OR ACTUAL (TRUE) SIZE? If your posts are less than their named dimension (I.E. less than 4x4, 4x6, or 6x6) you have a Nominal post. If they are equal to or greater than their named dimensions, you have an Actual or True post. The easiest way to be certain is to measure!When calculating internal post cap size, it is important to remember that this type of cap is going to have ridges on the bottom that will slide down and lock into your post; therefore the cap itself is going to look larger than the post size it is designed to be used with. Western Red Cedar has one of the longest life spans of any North American softwood. It is free from pitch and its heartwood has natural decay resistance. Its low density gives it an insulation value superior to most other species; Light weight, easy to work, easy to finish, possessing outstanding dimensional stability.Pipe-size rounds (P, PX and PXX) are also available in ASTM A53/A53M Grade B material. See FAQs 1.4.6 and 1.4.7 for additional information on HSS and pipe section designations and material grades. ASTM A1085/A1085M is a new specification for HSS. It offers improved material properties and design wall thickness equal to nominal wall thickness ...Sizes Forms are available in diameters ranging from 6" to 36." For diameters Sonotube Commerical is available. Standard length is 12." upon request. sonotube.com 888/766-TUBE (8823) SONOTUBE round • SONOTUBE Finish Free ®• SONOTUBE commercial • SONOTUBE BlastMaster • SONOVOID®round • SONOTUBE Builder's Tube® ©2016 …Why Use Rigidply’s Glu-Lam Posts. Still CCA – more consistent and complete below ground .60 pcf CCA treatment. Structural Glu-Laminated Fingerjoints and Laminations – water-proof, permanent, below ground structural adhesive – no nails! The most Economical true Glu-Lam Post on the market. Backed by an industry-leading 50 Year Warranty.The actual size of someone who wears a size 16 in clothing items depends on the brand of clothing, but the average measurements constitute a 41.5 inch bust, a 34.5 inch waist, and 44 inch hips. A size 16 translates to an “Extra Large” in mo...6 x 6: 5.5 x 5.5: 7.35: 6 x 8: 5.5 x 7.5: 10.03: 6 x 10: 5.5 x 9.5: 12.70: 6 x 12: 5.5 x 11.5: ... Oct 8, 2023 · 109.00 H x 6.00 W x 5.00 D. Shipping Weight. 22.0 lbs. Return Policy. Regular Return (view Return Policy) This 6" x 108" PVC Post Wrap offers outstanding weathering performance with UV stabilizers specially formulated for permanent color, a durable finish, and lasting beauty. This easy-to-install post wrap can be used on a new or existing 6" x ... 6-in x 6-in x 8-ft Stained Ground Contact Wood Pressure Treated Lumber. Item # 86552. Model # 054699255210. 101. 14 jun 2014 ... Since it is a structure that is not occupied in any way, I believe there are no codes that would govern footings for pergolas.Common Measurement (T x W): 4-in x 6-in. Multiple Options Available. 4-in x 6-in x 12-ft Douglas Fir S4S Green Lumber. Model # 637640. Find My Store. for pricing and availability. 418. Actual Dimensions: 3.562-in x 5.625-in x 12-ft. Wood Species: Douglas fir.2 in. x 10 in. x 16 ft. 2 Prime or Better Ground Contact Pressure-Treated Southern Yellow Pine Lumber Pressure-Treated Pine meets the highest grading Pressure-Treated Pine meets the highest grading standards for strength and appearance. Drying Method: Green. 6-in x 6-in x 10-ft Cedar Green Lumber. Model # 39716. Find My Store. for pricing and availability. 5. Actual Dimensions: 5.625-in x 5.625-in x 10-ft. Wood Species: Cedar. Dressing: Rough.Features 1-in. standoff to help prevent rot at post end ; Nominal post size: 6x6 rough ; ... OZCO 56608 Laredo Sunset 6x6 Post Base Kit, (1 per Pack),Black ... it’s about 1/2” bigger due to actual size of posts since posts are not 6” wide. Read more. 8 people found this helpful. Helpful. Report.Free shipping on orders over $150! Monogram Fence Post Cap for Nominal 6x6 sized Wood Post (5-1/2" actual size) Finial Size - Height 5.5" x Width 5.5" - The height is measured from the top of the post cap to the top of the finial. The width is just the finial itself. Post Cap Fitment - The post cap is made to fit a nominal 6x6 post (This is 5-1 ...The BestPLUS 6" x 6" nominal size is an actual size of 5.5” x 5.5” x custom lengths up to 8’ long. BestPLUS plastic lumber is made in the USA from proprietary blends of pure synthetic materials to achieve durable dimensional profiles. BestPLUS may contain up to 3% process additives by weight with the remaining 97% being post-consumer ...6 x 6 Post Base 2PCS,Inner Size 5.6"x5.6"Deck Post Base,Heavy Duty Metal Black Powder Coated Post Brackets,for Mailbox Post Deck Supports Porch Railing Post Holders 3.9 out of 5 stars 94 $35.99 $ 35 . 99Nominal Post Size (in.): 6x6. Shop Savings. ... ABA ZMAX Galvanized Adjustable Standoff Post Base for 6x6 Actual Rough Lumber. Add to Cart. Compare $ 38. 98 (16 ...6-in x 6-in x 8-ft Standard Hem Fir Ground Contact Pressure Treated Lumber. Model # MSLTCASL0606. Find My Store. for pricing and availability. 4111. Common Measurement: 6-in x 6-in. Contact Type: Ground contact. Lumber Grade: Standard. Drying Method: Green.MiraTEC is available in a wide range of thicknesses and widths – the right size for nearly any project. MiraTEC 5/8", 3/4" and 1" trim is reversible, with an authentic woodgrain texture on one side and a smooth surface on the other; both sides are smooth on MiraTEC 1-1/4" trim. 5/8" Actual. 3/4" Actual (4/4 Nominal)Oliver. Auger. September 11, 2022. How deep should a post be in the ground:– in general, a post 6×6 or 8×8 that extend 8 feet or more above ground level should be at least 3 feet deep buried in the ground. Posts that extend 6 feet above ground level should have holes at least 2 1/2 feet deep. What size do auger bits come in?This reduces the actual dimensions even further; it also lets the lumber producer be certain that the final product has the dimensions required by industry standards. In the case of a 4×4, this industry standard is 3.5″ x 3.5″. How to Calculate 4×4 Weight. Step 1: Determine the wood type. To determine 4×4 weight, you need to know …Nominal dimensions are the terms that the lumber industry uses. These would be the 4x4 and 6x6 measurements. Actual dimensions, on the other hand, are the true measurements of the posts. So technically, a 4x4 will only measure 3-1/2" x 3-1/2" and a 6x6 would only measure 5-1/2" x 5-1/2".Actual dimensions: 5.5-in x 5.5-in x 18-ft. RELATED SEARCHES. Severe Weather Pressure Treated Lumber. 2-in x 4-in Pressure Treated Lumber. Ground contact Pressure ...6 month. Shipping Dimensions. 108.00 H x 5.25 W x 5.25 D. Shipping Weight. 38.25 lbs. Return Policy. Regular Return (view Return Policy) The 6 x 6 x 9' Trimmable Primed Pine Turned Porch Post has a turned colonial design to Accent any home. This post is primed white allowing it to match any home's color requirements.Jul 22, 2022 · Softwood Depth x length in inches Nominal: 1 x 2 Actual Size: 3/4 x 1-1/2 Nominal: 1 x 3 Actual Size: 3/4 x 2-1/2 Nominal: 1 x 4 Actual Size: 3/4 x 3-1/2 Nominal: 1 x 5 Actual Size: 3/4 x 4-1/2 Nominal: 1 x 6 Actual Size: 3/4 x 5-1/2 For ceiling heights of approximately 8 to 10 feet, the perfect pergola sizes are the 10 by 10 feet or about 3 by 3 meters, 10 by 12 feet or 3 by 4 meters, and the 10 by 14 or 3 by 4.27 meters pergolas. This minimum height also accounts for freestanding pergolas, which must be a specific height to be functional.Azdele 6x6 Aluminum Pyramid Post Caps Cover for 6x6 Nominal Wood Post(Actual 5.5" x 5.5" Wood Post), with Matte Finish Powder Coated Surface, for Fences Wood Post of Decks or Corridors(Black, 4Pack) 4.7 out of 5 stars 619 Deck beam and post sizes - How we build our decks in the California North Bay area - Sonoma and Marin County - Santa Rosa - Petaluma - Sebastopol - Novato - Bodega Bay …The load capacity of a 3-foot #2 grade 4×4 is 17,426 pounds, and a similar 6×6 is 20,834 pounds or 16% better. However, an 8-foot 4×4 supports 6468-pounds and 2339-pounds at 14-feet, while a 6×6 is 18032 and 10550-pounds respectively – or 64% and 78% more load capacity.Douglas fir is recognized for its superior strength-to-weight ratio and has the highest ratings of any western softwood for extreme fiber stress in bending. It has the ability to season well in place because of its natural dimensional stability. Douglas fir works well with hand or power tools and can be painted or stained as needed. It has excellent ability to hold …Size of posts:- commonly used size of fence post/ boundary gate post/ side gate ... A 6×6 post (actual size 5.5″x5.5″) has a maximum width of just over 7.75 ...Dimensions. Actual Product Length (ft.) 8 ft: Actual Product Thickness (in.) 5.75 in: ... 6x6 cedar post. 6x6x8 post. cedar 6 x 6 posts. cedar posts. Explore More on homedepot.com. Appliances. Shop Built-In Large (100-199 Bottles) Wine Coolers; Extra Large (200+ Bottles) 72 Inch Tall or Greater Wine Coolers;2 Dimensions and Section Properties of Round HSS 6 Dimensions and Section Properties of Square HSS 10 Dimensions and Section Properties of Rectangular HSS b Nominal width minus 3 times the design wall thickness, t (in.) C Torsional shear constant of 3cross-section (in. ) D Outside diameter of round HSS (in.) h Nominal depth minus 3 times theOur 6x6 fence post caps in the nominal size will fit standard posts whose dimensions range from 5.5” x 5.5” up to 5.75” x 5.75”, Our true or actual post caps will fit posts that are between 6.0” x 6.0” and 6.25” x 6.25”. We’re proud that all of our ASA resin products are made in the USA. Our cedar color 6x6 post caps are made ...The 6 in. x 6 in. x 8 ft. post is ideal for use as a line, corner or gate posts in a number of agricultural settings. This pressure treated agricultural post is treated for long-term protection against rot, fungal decay and termite attack in ground contact applications. This product is also available in other dimensions and lengths to suit a ...Large beams and posts often are called timbers and have similar but slightly different dimensioning. Typically you reduce the stated size of beams and posts by 1/2-inch to determine their actual size. A four-by-six post measures 3 1/2 inches by 5 1/2 inches. If you are using rough-sawn, or "true dimension" timbers, however, 4 inches means 4 inches.Azdele 6x6 Aluminum Pyramid Post Caps Cover for 6x6 Nominal Wood Post(Actual 5.5" x 5.5" Wood Post), with Matte Finish Powder Coated Surface, for Fences Wood Post of Decks or Corridors(Black, 4Pack) ... (Only for Vinyl Post with Actual Size of 4" x 4", Not for Wood Posts), Suitable for Fences, lamp, Deck, Mailbox Posts. 4.6 out of 5 stars 375.A size is the functional equivalent to UK A4 and is 8.5in by 11 inches. As the letters increase the short dimension is doubled. E.g: B size is 17×11 inches (roughly A3 – also called ledger), C size is 17×22 inches, D size is 34×22, and E size (typically a ‘full-size” engineering drawing) is 34×44.6-in x 6-in x 8-ft Stained Ground Contact Wood Pressure Treated Lumber. Item # 86552. Model # 054699255210. 101. 6-in x 6-in x 8-ft Standard Hem Fir Ground Contact Pressure Treated Lumber. Model # MSLTCASL0606. Find My Store. for pricing and availability. 4111. Common Measurement: 6-in x 6-in. Contact Type: Ground contact. Lumber Grade: Standard. Drying Method: Green.6 month. Shipping Dimensions. 108.00 H x 5.25 W x 5.25 D. Shipping Weight. 38.25 lbs. Return Policy. Regular Return (view Return Policy) The 6 x 6 x 9' Trimmable Primed Pine Turned Porch Post has a turned colonial design to Accent any home. This post is primed white allowing it to match any home's color requirements.Meruzy Stainless Steel Pergola Post Base Brackets - Heavy Duty Wood Post Support Kit - Modular Sizing Gazebos Brackets for 6 x 6 Lumber (Actual Size 5.5"x 5.5") 4 Pack Grehitk Pergola Kit, Pergola Brackets 3-Way Right Angle Corner Bracket Woodworks DIY Post Base Kit, Wooden Beams for Gazebos, Patio Pergolas, Log Cabin Outdoor Pergola …Dimensions. Actual Product Length (ft.) 12 ft: Actual Product Thickness (in.) 5.5 in: Actual Product Width (in.) ... supply brackets for actual 6X6 cedar posts. The brackets we bought were for regular 6x6 posts and would not fit the cedar posts so we had to trim the end of the posts to fit into the brackets. We used this to build a pergola with ...Jul 22, 2022 · Softwood Depth x length in inches Nominal: 1 x 2 Actual Size: 3/4 x 1-1/2 Nominal: 1 x 3 Actual Size: 3/4 x 2-1/2 Nominal: 1 x 4 Actual Size: 3/4 x 3-1/2 Nominal: 1 x 5 Actual Size: 3/4 x 4-1/2 Nominal: 1 x 6 Actual Size: 3/4 x 5-1/2 0.19. 1 in = 25.4 mm. 1 cm4 = 10-8 m = 104 mm. 1 in4 = 4.16x105 mm4 = 41.6 cm4. 1 cm3 = 10-6 m3 = 103 mm3. The standard method for specifying an angle is L 2 x 2 x 1/4 - indicating an angle 2 inches deep and wide - and 1/4 inches thick. Sponsored Links.Jun 21, 2021 · 【Fit for wood post size】: The interior dimension of this matte brown pyramid cap is 5-5/8" x 5-5/8", made for 6x6 nominal size post (5-1/2"x5-1/2" actual size). Robust and beautiful! 【Product size】: The height of the pyramid post caps is 1.97in/5cm, the depth of sit down on the post is 0.63in/1.6cm, sidewall thickness is 2mm. Rated 5 out of 5 by Mugé from Ordered 50+ various sizes of the MicroPro Sienna During the pandemic when stores were closed, I ordered 50+ various sizes of the MicroPro Sienna from 6x6 to whatever my 12'x16' deck needed from Scarborough West. Out of the 50+, maybe 3-4 pieces were not in top shape, which is ok because I can still utilize them ... be 7 3/4 inches (196 mm). The riser shall be measured verti-. cally between leading edges of the adjacent treads. The. greatest riser height within any flight of stairs shall not. exceed the smallest by more than 3/8 inch (9.5 mm). R311.7.4.2 Tread depth. The minimum tread depth. shall be 10 inches (254 mm).6 in x 6 in x 20 ft. Grade. #2. Actual Thickness. 5-1/2 inch. Resistance Features. Pressure treated to prevent rot and decay. Actual Width. 5-1/2 inch.Specifications: The Strong-Tie ABU66Z 6x6 post base is perfect for your next deck, patio or awning build/remodel. Designed for securing your nominal 6x6 posts to a concrete slab or footing, the ABU series provides the best uplift performance of all the AB series post bases (ABA,ABU,ABW). 6x6 Rake and Shovel Post Cap for 6x6 Wood Fence Post, 5-1/2"x5-1/2" actual size post cap, Post Topper, Dad Decor, Yard Hunting Decor (1.5k) $ 34.60 When calculating internal post cap size, it is important to remember that this type of cap is going to have ridges on the bottom that will slide down and lock into your post; therefore the cap itself is going to look larger than the post size it is designed to be used with. Of course, that assumes the joist and beam sizes were based on maximum spans, not overbuilding. If 6x6 posts were used, I doubt I'd raise an eyebrow at any deck ...Pipe-size rounds (P, PX and PXX) are also available in ASTM A53/A53M Grade B material. See FAQs 1.4.6 and 1.4.7 for additional information on HSS and pipe section designations and material grades. ASTM A1085/A1085M is a new specification for HSS. It offers improved material properties and design wall thickness equal to nominal wall thickness ...Our 6x6 fence post caps in the nominal size will fit standard posts whose dimensions range from 5.5” x 5.5” up to 5.75” x 5.75”, Our true or actual post caps will fit posts that are between 6.0” x 6.0” and 6.25” x 6.25”. We’re proud that all of our ASA resin products are made in the USA. Our cedar color 6x6 post caps are made ...6x6 Deer Post Cap for 6x6 Wood Fence Post, 5-1/2"x5-1/2" actual size post cap, Stag Post Topper, Cabin Decor, Deer Hunting Decor (1.5k) $ 34.602 in. x 10 in. x 16 ft. 2 Prime or Better Ground Contact Pressure-Treated Southern Yellow Pine Lumber Pressure-Treated Pine meets the highest grading Pressure-Treated Pine meets the highest grading standards for strength and appearance. 【FOR 6"X6" WOOD POST】The 6x6 post base is suitable for wooden posts with the standard size of 6" * 6" (actual 5.5"x 5.5" on market), the post base can be used on existing concrete and wooden floor. The slot on the bottom of the post makes is flexible, it can be adjusted according to the actual size of the wooden post.This reduces the actual dimensions even further; it also lets the lumber producer be certain that the final product has the dimensions required by industry standards. In the case of a 4×4, this industry standard is 3.5″ x 3.5″. How to Calculate 4×4 Weight. Step 1: Determine the wood type. To determine 4×4 weight, you need to know …Step 2 Span Table: Select the appropriate table in Span Tables for Joists and Rafters. The Table of contents indicates that Table F-2 matches these loading conditions. Using Table F-2 (Figure #3), check each lumber size to see if a 16-inch spacing will permit a …Try doing this on a short piece of 6x6 post to see if you like the look. You only need to cut in just 3/4 of an inch from each corner to make a distinctive chamfered edge. Realize that not all wooden fence posts are equal when it comes to strength. There's a vast difference in bending and cracking resistance across wood species.in the following sizes: 3½" x 5¼" 5¼" x 5¼" 7" x 7" Some sizes may not be available in your region. Contact your Weyerhaeuser representative for dealer locations, available sizes, and lead times for treatment and delivery. parallam® plus pSl has an inherently industrial finish. Surface preparation may be required to achieve an acceptable ...This lumber has been pressure treated for ground contact (GC) applications and can be completely buried in the ground. It's also suitable for fresh water use and can be submerged. AC2® brand treated wood products use MicroPro® technology, which is a revolutionary way to pressure treat wood for decks, fences, landscaping, and general …. Chromated copper arsenate (CCA) pressure treated wood productModel Number: 1074579 Menards ® SKU: 1074579. Everyday Low Standard Steel I-Beam Sizes Chart for sizes, dimensions and section properties of standard steel I beams (S shapes). S shapes are designated by the letter S followed by the nominal depth in inches and the weight in pounds per foot. Thus S12 × 50 designates an I-beam with a depth of 12 inches and a nominal weight of 50 pounds per foot.For example, a 1×12 that is 1 foot long would be calculated as: Board Feet = ( (1x12x1)/12) = 1 board foot. This may seem confusing, as the actual dimensions of a 1×12 are 3/4 x 11 1/4. This would give an “actual” board footage of: Board Feet = ( (3/4×11.25×1)/12) = 0.703 board feet. The bottom line is lumber mills and yards use nominal ... Post Holes- If you plan to secure your posts MOLDED 6 in x 6 in (Actual Dimensions 5-1/2 in x 5-1/2 in) · 10' · 12' · 14' · 16' · 18' · 20' · 8'.Home > How-To Tips & Guides > Lumber & Plywood Lumber Dimensions: Nominal vs. Actual Dimensional Lumber Lumber sizes can be confusing at first. Boards … Civil Sir - A to Z Civil Guides...

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